Julius Caesar was assassinated in Rome on this day in 44 B.C. He is remembered for many reasons, as a great general, an orator and builder of the Rome Empire. But one of the most significant things he did, in my opinion, was turn the Republic of Rome, ruled by a senate, into an Empire ruled by an Emperor styled as a god. It was believed by his assassins that with his death the Senate would be restored. However this was not to be and he remains now the progenitor of the title of Caesar held by those who ruled as Emperor after him.
“Beware the Ides of March,” the soothsayer urges Julius Caesar in William Shakespeare’s “Tragedy of Julius Caesar” (act I, scene ii). Despite the forewarning, Caesar is stabbed in the back by his friend Marcus Brutus. Caesar falls and utters his famous last words, “Et tu, Brute?”